DIK - List of Instrumentation

Deutsches Institut für Kautschuktechnologie e. V. /
The DIK Prüfgesellschaft mbH

Eupener Straße 33, 30519 Hannover, Germany
Phone: +49 511 84201-0
List of Instrumentation (PDF)


Spectroscopy and Chromatography
Physical and Dynamic Mechanical Properties
Rheology und Rheometry
Simulation Software


Spectroscopy and Chromatography

  1. Spectrometry

  2. Gaschromatography, Mass Spectrometry

  3. Nitrosamine analysis

  4. Liquid Chromatography

  5. Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC)

  6. Thin Layer Chromatography

  7. Chemiluminescence



  1. Light Microscopy

    1. Transmission Electron Microscopy

      • Phase morphology of polymer blends

      • Network inhomogeneities

      • Carbon black dispersion and -distribution

      • Polymer/plasticizer systems

      • Particle characterization

      • Measurements on elastomer parts under defined strain

      • Failure analysis

        Transmission electron microscop

        LIBRA® 120 (Zeiss),

        Acceleration voltage 120 kV, Köhler illumination, magnification 8 × … 630,000,

        point resolution 0,34 nm, Electron Spectroscopic Imaging (ESI); Electron Spectroscopic Diffraction (ESD), element or structure contrast reproduction, electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) for chemical analysis, cryogenic table, image processing


        Preparation of ultra thin cuts by using glas cutters (80 … 150 nm) or diamant cutters (50 … 100 nm), Semi thin cuts using glas cutters (max. 1 mm),

        Operating temperature: –160 … +20 °C, cryo transfer system for cryo fixed samples 2 Instruments:

        Reichert FC-4E Ultramicrotome,

        Leica Ultramicrotome UC6 with liquid nitrogen cutting system FC6, equipped with stereo microscope MZ6

      1. Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Topography Measurement Systems

        • Surface roughness

        • Phase morphology of polymer blends

        • Filler distribution and dispersion

        • Magnetic properties

        • Hardness gradient due to oxidative ageing

          Atomic Force Microscope

          Chromatic topography measuring system FRT-CWL 300

          Contact-free measurement of the surface topography, lateral resolution < 2 μm,

          vertical resolution 3 nm, max height difference 4 mm, max image area ca 100 × 100 mm

      1. Micro Indenter

        LNP nano touch + LNP cross table

        Mechanichal testing of hardness topography, adhesion, elastic modulus, Shore A micro compact tactile sensor in linear positioning with optical position sensor

        Range: 4 mm, Linearity way: < 200 nm to measuring range

        Measuring force: 0,6 mN … 1,4 N; resolution: 0,6 mN; electro-mechanically generation

        Microindentation measurements with high resolution

        • Force or displacement controlled indentation measurements

        • Hardness topography

        • Hardness (for example IRHD, Shore A/M, Shore A Micro)

        • Stiffness, E-Modul

        • Adhesion

        • Micro-tribology

        • Rheology

        Microindentor equipment: 031790 LNP nano touch mit Piezo Kreuztisch

        (Ludwig nanoPräzision GmbH)

        System for measuring ot distances

        Displacement-Meseasurement modus: Optical incrementell, Application range: 4 mm, resolution: 0,00001 mm standard, Linearity of displacement modus: < 200 nm rel. to application range, linearity force: 0…1400 mN, Generation of measuring force: Electromechanical, Measuring force: 0,6 mN…1,4 N

        Measuring force resolution: 0,6 mN, Needle geomtries: spherical, varying cross section

        1. Computertomography

          • Analysis of insertions, defects

          • Dispersion analysys, fillers and crosslinking chemicals (ZnO etc)

          • Analysis of crack initiation and propagation

          • Cell structure analysis

          • Testing of rubber-metal and rubber-plastic bonding

          • Location of reinforcement and fiber orientation

          • Non destructive defect analysis

          • Dimensional measurements

            Nanotom®; 180 kV/15 W nanofocus-Computertomograph

            GE phoenix x-ray, 180 kV/15 W high power nanofocus tube. 5 megapixel fully digital detector Maximum sample dimensions 150 × 120 × 120 mm (height × width × thickness)

            Best resolution (sample size dependent) 500 nm in 3D

            Image processing software for 3D representation and quantitative analysis (particle size distribution)

          1. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)

            • SEM-pictures, BSE- pictures

            • Elementidentification

            • Element quantification and -distribution

            • Surface structures

            • Material contrasts

              Scanning electron microscope

              EVO MA10, W-Filament, 0.2–30 kV, Magnification: 7 × … 1,000,000 ×, Variable Pressure 10–400 Pa, SE-Detector, BSE-Detector, EDX-Detector (Si/Li-cryistal); max. sample height: 100 mm.


              Oxford Instruments INCA (EDS8100)

            1. Thermo analyses

              • Quantitative composition of elatomers (polymer, plasticizer, carbon black, anorganic fillers, soot)

              • Determination of glass transition temperatures, of melting point in thermoplastis, rubbers and elastomers

              • Morphology of blends

              • Heat capacity

              • Kinetics of blowing aids and crosslinking chemicals

                Thermogravimetry (TGA)

                TA-Instruments TGA 2950CE-Hi-Res, sample mass: max. 1 g, Temperature range: 25 …

                1,000 °C, heating rate: 0.1 … 200 K/min, Evaluation: PC/Software

                Netzsch TG 209 F1, sample mass: max. 2 g, Temperature range: 20…1,000 °C, Heating rate: 0.001 … 80 K/min, Evaluation: PC/Software

                Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)

                TA-Instruments DSC 2920CE, modulated DDK-MDSC, sample mass: 0.5 … 100 mg, tem- perature range: –180 … +725 °C, heating rate: 0.01 … 200 K/min linear and 0.01…10 K/min modulated, evaluation: PC/Software-Standard/Kinetic,

                Netzsch DSC 204 F1,Temperature range: –180 … +700 °C, heating rate: 0.0001 … 100 K/min, evaluation: PC/Software

              1. Emission measurements

                VCI - Fire Simulation Equipment

                Analytik Jena GmbH, Temperature range up to 1,200 °C

                Fogging Test Equipment

                Determination of Fogging-values

                Instrument: Heating and cooling device, test chamber acc. to DIN 75 201-B

                Test chamber for emission tests

                Volume 400 l, Temperature range 20–110 °C, controlled air exchange, sampling using ad- or absorption techniques

              2. Thermographic Analyses

                • Quality control

                • Heat loss determination

                • Improvement of processes

                  Rapid Realtime Thermography Camera

                  VarioTHERM, InfraTec GmbH

                  Measurement of points and areas with editable emission value, possibility to dub in of Iso- therm, Peak-Hold-Function. Spectral range 3.6 … 5 μm; recording method ‘Focal Plane Ar- ray’; PtSi-CMOS-Hybrid Detector, 50 Hz Image frequency; Temperature solution (30 °C):

                  < 0.1 (0.01 mA); temperature range: –25 … +1,200 °C; geometrical solution: 1,0 mrad; field of view with standard-optic: 14 × 14°; size of image: 256 × 256 Pixel; signal digitization: 16 Bit; working temperature: –15 … +50 °C; data output: PAL-FBAS, Y/C.

                  Compact Thermographic Camera

                  Micro-Epsilon thermoIMAGER TIM 640; dimensions (46 × 56 × 90 mm), 320 g; Measuring range: –20 °C–100 °C, 0 °C–250 °C, 150 °C–900°C (switchable) Spectral range: 7,5–13 μm, thermal resolution: 0,1 °C, emissivity: 0,1–1,0 adjustable Optical resolution: 640 × 480 pixel, refresh rate: 32 Hz; signal output: USB 2.0 Lens focal length: f = 18,4 mm / 33°-objektive; f = 7,3 mm / 90° × 66°-objektive

                1. Low Field Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometry (NMR)

                  • Characterization of polymer chain dynamic properties

                  • T1 and T2-relaxation time determination

                  • Correlation T2-value-crosslink density

                  • Aging of polymers (in situ aging)


                    XLDS-15, Innovative Imaging Corp. KG, 0.35 T = 15 MHz, 20–120 °C, solid state spectroscopy

                2. Processing

                  1. Mixing

                    Internal Mixers

                    Werner & Pfleiderer GK5E/GK4N

                    GK5E: intermeshing rotor system with PES-3-rotor, useful volume 5l, ram 1 … 7 bar, infinitely variable, rotation of blade 17 … 100 rpm

                    GK4N: tangential rotor system in standard or n-geometry, useful volume ~3.6l, ram pressure 1…6 bar, infinitely variable; friction 1 : 1 to 1 : 1.3 rotation of blade 22 … 135 rpm

                    GK5E und GK4N: Cooling by water for mixing chamber, ram and rotors, temperature- controlled until 95 °C, process control by mixing time, specific energy, revolutions, tempera- ture; data logging and tabulated/graphical illustration

                    Gravimetric softener dosage: Injection pressure 30–40 bar, Preheating max. 70 °C (Zeppelin Systems)

                    Internal Mixer

                    Werner & Pfleiderer GK 1,5 E

                    Useful volume ~1l, cooling until 95°C

                    Two-Roll Mills

                    Berstorff 250 * 500

                    Mills diameter 250 mm, mills length 500 mm, drive via 2 × dc motors, batch size ~6 dm³, rotation 1 … 25 rpm; continuous oil-cooling, apparatus with 10 knifes of cutter bar, measure- ment of flow and return temperature of the heating-cooling circuits, die gap at the end of the mills, 2 × torque, bearing reaction of the fixed mill, 5 × measurements of the melt pressure of the, 2 × rotation

                    Berstorff 150 * 350 RR

                    Diameter of mills 150 mm, length of mills 350 mm, cooling until 100 °C

                    Laboratory Internal Mixer

                    Mixing of rubber compounds with simultaneous measurement of temperature and torque Programable mixing intervals for temperature and rotary speed

                    Chamber Volume: 70 cm3 and 350 cm3 Polylab-System

                    Planete Mixer

                    LPV 1A40 Series Nr. 420-16 with integrated vacuum device

                    Mixing tools: Intermeshing set of blade agitators KES0.57 D90 HVT,

                    mixing speed: 0 … 620 rpm, wiper Type KES90 AB-Ha Quer V10 with PT 100 and PTFE-blade, mixing speed: appr. 10 rpm, stainless steel vessel with 600 mL volume, Maximal temperature: 150 °C

                    Maximal pressure using vacuum conditions: 1,100 mbar absolute

                  2. Extrusion

                    Pin-Barrel Extruder

                    Krupp KGS 60/14; 60 mm, 14 D

                    Screw diameter 60 mm, screw length 14 D, drive via dc motor; rotation 7 … 70 rpm, through- put ~100 … 200 kg/h, separate heating-cooling circuits for the feed roll, screw and 3 cylinder zones, measurement of input power, speed, mixture temperature radial per 4 × in 3 pin ex- trusion and 8 × in front of the screw tip, axial pressure curve in 7 levels, extrudate diameter. Remodelling of the extruder and reduction of 10 D allows the application as processability tester for rubber mixtures, continuous process data acquisition

                    Transfermix Extruder

                    AZ MCTM 60

                    Screw diameter 60mm, variable screw length 11 D to 13.7 D with 1 or 2 transfer mixing zones, drive via dc motor rotation up to 205rpm, throughput ~100 … 200 kg/h, separate heating-cooling circuits for screw and 2 cylinder zones, measurement of input power, rotation as soon as melt temperature and melt pressure in front of the gap tip, pressure in each case after the transfer mixing zones, continuous process data acquisition

                    Laboratory Extruder

                    Rubicon EEK 32.12 S-4.0/90

                    Screw diameter 32 mm, screw length 12 D, input power 4 KW three-phases asynchronous motor, screw rotation 3 … 90 rpm, throughput ~1 … 25 kg/h, separate heating-cooling cir- cuits for screw and cylinder, coolind up to 250 °C, access line at gear pump MAAG Enhex SP 21-4, application as extruder-gear pump-combination or anytime for metering of rubber or rubber mixture into the twin screw extruder Berstorff ZE 25, pre-printed form control over control of the gear, measurement of the rotation, melt temperature, melt pressure

                    Twin Screw Extruders

                    Berstorff ZE25, 10,5 kW, Nmax = 550 U/min, screw diameter 25 mm, screw length until 54 L/D, cylinder segment in 6D, Barbender-Flex-Wall main metering, gravimetric Brabender metering with side-way feeding, vacuum cylinder, fluid injection, powered shaft extractor for the screw to process optimisation and sampling (e. g. morphological investigation)

                    Twin Screw Extruders

                    Berstorff ZE 40 A UTX; 44mm, screw length 55 L/D cylinder segments until 6 D, temperature and pressure measuring stations, gravimetric Brabender-Flex-Wall main metering, gravimet- ric Brabender metering with side-way feeding, fluid injection. Metering of the extrudat with rubber or rubber mixture in feeding strips over a single-screw extruder-gear pump-combi- nation (transfer mixing extruder AZ MCTM 60, gear pump Troester ZP 56/33). Continuous producing of rubber mixture and thermoplastic vulcanisates.

                    Fully automatic process data acquisition for the simultaneous, continuous acceptance of the process data of the gravimetric dosing feeder, twin-screw extruder, single-screw extruder and the gear pump Troester ZP 56/35.

                    Dosing System

                    Mahr; metering of fluids into the twin-screw extruder Berstorff ZE 25 across gear pump and Coriolis sensor; output 2–12 kg/h; metering accuracy +/–2%, temperature-controlled up to 60 °C; viscosity range 200–2,000 mPa · s.

                    Twin Screw Micro-Compounder

                    (DSM Explore 15 cm3 Micro-Compounder)

                    Twin-screw extruder with co-rotating conical screws, screw length 150 mm, useful volume 12,5 cm³, rotation 0…245 rpm, temperature range 20…350 °C, max. axial force 8000 N, 6 heating zones, water cooling, by-pass valve (residence time adjustable), computer-aided carrying experimentation und data acquisition

                    Granulation Unit

                    Pell-Tec SPP 50 compact; throughput 180 kg/h, 7 … 50 m/min, max. Strand No. 9,

                    length 4 m.

                    Gear Pumps

                    Troester ZP 56/35

                    Throughput 120 kg/h, back pressure 20 bar, delivery pressure 500 bar,

                    max. differential pressure450 bar, max speed 48 rpm, continuous process data acquisition, MAAG Entrex SP 21-4

                    Throughput 2 … 10 kg/h, back pressure 20 bar, delivery pressure 350 bar, differential 250 bar, max. speed 50 rpm.

                  3. Injection Moulding

                    Injection Moulding Machines (Loan from LWB Steinl)

                    LWB Steinl VS EFE 3000/2000 P with EFE-system for cure time reduction

                    Closing force 3000 kN; Injection volume 2000 cm3; Injection pressure (Injection plunger) 2,200 bar; Injection pressure (E-injection plunger) 1800 bar; Screw diameter 40 mm

                    Laboratory Injection Moulding Machine

                    DSM Explore 10 cm3

                    Nominal volume 10 cm³, injection part Tmax = 350 °C, form Tmax = 200 °C, pneumatic pres- sure 10 … 16 bar (is equivalent up to 1600 N), two-cylinder heating, form for S2 tensile bar, exchangeable

                    Two Component Injection Moulding

                    Both injection units returnable for rubber or thermoplastic, possibility of 2K application: rub- ber/thermoplastic, rubber/rubber and thermoplastic/thermoplastic. Screw diameter 25 mm, aggregate in l-position, without tie bars construction, closing force 800 kN, 2-station turn- table, control CC200. 2K in-mould assemblies as tensile bar and compression member with separate mould temperature control for the two components in the nozzle side and ejection side of the mould. Metal insert into the shear bar possible; pressure test in the mould for both components; data logging via control.

                  4. Calendering

                    • production of a flat film or sheet of uniform thickness (coating, double-sided coating, frictioning)

                    • calender feeding: discontinuous (rough sheet from a mill) and continuous from extruder (strip feed, throughput up to 200 kg/h)

                    • hot edge trim

                    • take-off of sheet by center winder

                    • Four-roll laboratory standard calender

                      Troester KQF 200

                      Four-roll calender, inverted L-type: roll dia. 200 mm, face-width 450 mm, 350 mm of working width, edge trimmer on stripper roll, max. trimmed sheet width 320 mm, calender feeding in 1st or 3rd roll gap alternately, distance pieces in the 1st and 3rd roll gap, operating: four-rolls, three-rolls, or 2 × 2 rolls, circumferential speed for each roll separately 2.0…20 m/min, friction ratio from 1:1.25 up to 1.25:1, temperature for each roll separately up to 200 °C, electric roll adjustment, min. roll gap clearance 0.3 mm, pneumatic pre-load for 1st, 2nd and 3rd roll, roll crossing for 3rd roll.

                      Calender train: roller train, cooler (two cooling drums, dia. 300 mm each), winder.

                      Data Acquisition System: measurement of roll gap size, roll speed, axis load (1st and 2nd roll), gap pressure in the 1st and 2nd roll gap (three pressure sensors build in second calender roll), electric power.

                      Calender feeding by conveyor belt


                      Infinitely variable speed and oscillation of the conveyor

                      Calender train


                      Cooling section with two cooling drums – diameter 300 mm, manual speed control

                    1. Vulcanization

                      Vulcanization press

                      Rucks Maschinenbau KV 207.00

                      Electrical heating: 250 × 250 mm, evaluable

                      Wickert & Söhne WLP63/3,5/3

                      Electrical heating: 350 × 350 mm


                      Electrical heating: 300 × 350 mm, evaluable

                    2. Surface Treatment

                      • Plasma treatment

                      • Plasma Treat, PFW20

                        8 parallel plasma torches, plasma activation and plasma polymerization (PE-CVD) at atmos- pheric pressure, treatment of areas with a range of 40 … 120 mm, process speed

                        1 … 60 m/min. Plasma Treat PFW 10

                        One plasma torch, plasma activation and plasma polymerization (PE-CVD) at atmospheric

                        pressure, treatment of areas with a range of 5 … 220 mm, process speed 1 … 60 m/min.

                    3. Electrospinning

                      • Preparation of nano fibres

                      • Non wovens

                      • Orientated fibres

                        Electrospinning equipment (manufacturer: Mecc, type Nano-01 A)

                        High voltage device (0.5–30 keV), Injection pump for up to 3 syringes, flexible spinning jets for 3 needles, Volumeflow (0.1–99,9 cm3/h)

                        3 different collectors:

                        Disk (perimeter 600 mm; max. 3000 rpm),

                        Drum (perimeter 600 mm; 210 mm broad; max. 2500 rpm), flat stainless steel plate (145 × 250 mm)

                    Physical and Dynamic Mechanical Properties

                    1. Physical Testing

                      • Determination of physically properties of vulcanized rubber (ISO, DIN and ASTM norms)

                      • Stress relaxation

                      • Ageing behavior of vulcanized rubber

                      • Heat resistance

                      • Resistance to ozone cracking

                      • Resistance to light

                      • Contact discoloration

                      • Contact angle and surface energy

                        Uniaxial Stress-Strain

                        Zwick 1445, max. force 5 kN, heating chamber (–60 … + 150 °C). Zwick Z010, max. force 2,5 kN.

                        Biaxial Stress-Strain

                        Elastocon EB 02, Stress Relaxation in a temperature range of 10 … 200 °C, max. force 800–1600 N (stress), 70N (strain), measurements in Air, Nitrogen and Oil (ISO 3384)


                        Doli FlexoB 1170, frequency 30 Hz, tension ½ MPa, heating up to 100 °C.

                        Fatigue to Failure Test (de Mattia)

                        Frank 13515, Determination of cracking speed and cracking growth resistance, Frequency: 5 Hz

                        DIN Abrasion Tests

                        Frank 11565,Testing of abrasion resistance


                        Zwick digitest, Shore A, Micro Hardness

                        Rebound Resilience

                        Frank 23267, Zwick 5109.01, with temperature control

                        Electrical Resistivity

                        Dr. Kamphausen, Determination of surface resistance and conductance

                        Ozone Ageing

                        Argentox 3MR-3R, Temperature 0–70 °C, Specimen Room: 200 l, concentration O3 50–250 pphm (0.5 – 2.5 ppm), humidity 10 – 90 %

                        Contact Angle Measurement

                        Dataphysics OCA20, temperature control system –20 … +150 °C, multiple dosage system, calculation of the free surface energy of solid materials and the surface tension of liquids

                        Tensiometer and Dynamic Contact Angle Measurement Dataphysics DCAT11, temperature control system (–10 … +130 °C), contact angle measurement on powder or fibres

                        Gas adsorption for filler characterization

                        Gas adsorption equipment: BELSorp max. Principle: volumetric gas adsorption

                        3 Ports (2 high resolution types, parallel measurements possible) Adsorption using different gases: nitrogene, ethane, ethene, propene, 1-butene and iso-butene

                        Different temperatures: –200 °C (liquid N2) and –60 °C bis +20 °C pressure range: 10-2–105 Pa

                        Evaluation methods: BET-Adsorption, energy distribution, porosimetry

                      1. Dynamic Mechanical and Durability Properties

                        • Dynamic properties

                        • Fatigue properties

                        • High frequency properties (ultrasound)

                        • Elastic modulus, shear modulus, damping

                        • Temperaure, frequency and amplitude dependence

                        • Standard and customer specific measurements

                        • Dynamic crack propagation behaviour

                          Automatic Tear and Fatigue Analyzer

                          Elastomer Testing System for Fatigue Testing with tracking of dynamic crack propagation according to the Tear Analyzer System Bayer/Coesfeld, Crack propagation resistance under dynamic load. Investigations on laboratory test specimens under tensile , compression or shear loading. Optical online acquisition of the crack surface, energy recording. Calculation of fracture mechanics factors for lifetime predictions (tearing energies) up to 10 ms pulses, Electrical direct drive 5 kN; amplitude range up to ±50 mm. Traverse for fivefold parallel in- spections; each measuring station with separate load cell up to ±1 kN and compensation of permanent set by electromotive retensioning. Temperature controlled test chamber, air or N2.

                          Tear Analyzer, dynamic crack propagation

                          Tear analyzer system Bayer-Coesfeld, crack propagation resistance under dynamic load. Optical online acquisition of the crack surface, energy recording. Calculation of fracture me- chanics factors for lifetime predictions (tearing energies) up to 10 ms pulses, temperature controlled testing chamber in air or nitrogen environment.

                          Ultrasonic spectrometer (Prototype)

                          Measurement of the ultrasonic attenuation and sound velocity (enabling the calculation of the storage and loss moduli) using the transmission principle. Frequency range 0.5 MHz, 1MHz, 2 MHz. Temperature range: coupling fluid dependent between –100 °C and +100 °C.

                          Dynamic-mechanical thermal analyzer (DMTA)

                          Mettler Toledo DMA 861, tests in double shear sandwich geometry between –150 °C 500 °C and 0.001 Hz–1,000 Hz, 0.01–5 % amplitude

                          GABO Qualimeter

                          Eplexor 500N/1500N static, Investigations under shear-, compression and tension

                          –150 °C … 500 °C; 0,01 … 100 Hz

                          Static and dynamic strain sweeps; +/– 3 mm dynamic

                          Dynamic mechanical analyzer

                          Rheometrics RDA II, shear measurements on unvulcanized mixes (double plate geometry) and vulcanizates (strip samples) –150 °C + 350 °C, 0.002 Hz … 16 Hz; 0.05… 5 % amplitude

                          ARES Rheometer system

                          Rheometrics Scientific, shear measurements on unvulcanized mixes (double plate geometry) and vulcanizates (strip samples) –150 °C +350 °C, 0.002 Hz … 80 Hz; 0.05 10 % amplitude

                          Dynamic mechanical Spectrometer

                          Rheometrics RSA II, Compression and tension tests –150 °C … +500 °C, 0.002 Hz … 16 Hz, 0,01 % … 1 % amplitude

                          Servohydraulic Elastomer Testing System

                          MTS 831.50, Shear, compression and tension tests on specific dumbells. –120 °C …+200 °C,

                          0.01 Hz … 1000 Hz, 0.1 … 100 % amplitude. Tests according to client specific requirements; dynamic and fatigue properties under rapid pulse load. Force range ±5 kN; displacement

                          ±25 mm

                          Biaxial Servohydraulic Elastomer Testing System

                          MTS 322.21, linear biaxial tests on specific dumbbells. Dynamic mechanical properties and fatigue properties.

                          1. Axis: 0.1 … 100 Hz, ±25 kN, ±100 mm.

                          2. Axis: 0.1 … 150 Hz, ±10 kN, ±50 mm.

                          Dynamic and fatigue properties under pulsed oscillations, force and displacement controlled

                      2. Dielectric Properties

                        Dielectric Broadband Analyzer

                        Novocontrol GmbH, Measurements on vulcanizates, mixtures and liquids

                        BDS 40

                        Frequency range: 3 × 10-5… 2 · 107 Hz Impedance range: 10-2… 1014 Ω Capacity range: 10-15… 1 F Resolution (tan ): 3 × 10-5

                        BDS 60

                        Frequency range: 106… 3 × 109 Hz Impedance range: 10-1… 105 Ω

                        Resolution (tan ): 3 × 10-3

                        Quatro Cryosystem Temperature Unit Temperature range: –160 … +400 °C Temperature resolution: 0,1 °C

                      3. Tribological properties


                        IMKT Construction;

                        Measurements of the static and dynamic friction coefficient; Velocity range: 0.005–10 mm/s and 0.1–30 mm/s; Pressure range: 0.01–10 MPa; Temperature range: –40 to +100 °C

                      Rheology und Rheometry

                      1. Rheology

                        • Viscous and elastic properties of rubber mixtures

                        • Mooney-Relaxation

                        • Mooney-Scorch

                        • Wall-slip behaviour


                        • Measurement of mooney viscosity of rubber and rubber mixtures. Flexible data collection options.

                          Alpha Technologies MV 2000 E

                        Laboratory Extruder

                        • Measurement of the shear rate dependent viscosity by using different extrusion dies (e.g. flat slit, tube) with sensors for pressure and temperature



                        Physica MCR 501 S, Anton Paar

                        Maximum Torque 300 mNm, Normal forces –70 to 70 N. Various measurement geometries: plate-plate, cone-plate for measurements of the normal stress coefficient. rotational – and oscillating measurements. Possibility of combinating rheological and dielectric or magnetic measurements.

                        Dielectric sample cell: Temperature range: –25° to 180° C. Dielectric Broadband Analyzer by Novocontrol

                        Frequency range: 3 · 10-5 to 107 Hz

                        Magnetic sample cell: Temperature range: –10° to 180° C. Maximum magnetic field strength of 1 T

                        High Pressure Capillary Viscometer

                        • Measurement of shear and viscosity in dependency of shear rate, determination of flow anomalies (e. g. wall-slip); determination of swell profile, data collection of the pressure pro- files; collection of the pressure profile along the capillary.

                          Göttfert Rheograph 6000

                          two methods of meassurement: constant shear rate, constant shear, maximum shear: 2 × 106 Pa, shear rate 2 × 10-2 - 2 × 106 s-1,

                          capillary diameter 0.5–4 mm, capillary length 5–120 mm; special capillaries with sensors for pressure and temperature (also as slit capillary), Rosand RH 7-2, two capillary system

                        • Simultaneous Measurements using long and short capillary systems to correct the inlet pressure lost

                          Capillaries with different length/diameter ratios for measuring the shear rate dependency of the viscosity

                          Dynamic data range 50,000 : 1 in a temperature range of 50–400 °C. The automatic rheome- ter with Servoelectric motor is equipped with a double capillary system.


                        • Determination of Staudinger index and mol mass; max. 5 dilution steps

                        • Determination of kinematic viscosity. Measurement range: 0.35 … 5000 mm2/s

                        • Data acquisition, evaluation of data: PC, Software Visco System® AVS 370 (SCHOTT Instruments)

                        Rubber Process Analyzer

                        Alpha Technologies RPA 2000

                        The RPA measures the viscoelastic properties of polymers and elastomeric compounds providing comprehensive data on key parameters such as

                        • Processability

                        • Cure characteristic

                        • Final cured properties

                          Temperature range: 40–250 °C, oscillation strain 0.5–150 %, oscillation frequency 0.1–33 Hz.

                      2. Rubber Process Analyzer

                        TA Instruments RPA elite

                        The RPA measures the viscoelastic properties of polymers and elastomeric compounds providing comprehensive data on key parameters.

                        Torque range 0.0001 … 25 Nm; Shear amplitude ±0.005 … ±360°;

                        Strain ±0.07 … ±5000 %; Frequency range 0.001 … 50 Hz; Temperature range from ambient to 230 °C

                        The following variants can be selected as test methods:

                        Cure (isothermal, ramp, step); Strain (sweep, offset, LAOS); Frequency sweep; Stress relaxation; Advanced (multi-frequency, arbitrary waveforms).

                        1. Rheometry

                          • Curing kinetics

                          • Activation energy

                          • Incubation behaviour

                          • Blowing behaviour


                          • Torque- and loss angle measurement

                          Alpha Technologies MDR 2000 E rotorless, variable operating points

                        2. Simulation Software

                          1. FEA-Software

                            SIMULIA Abaqus 2017


                            MSC.Marc 2017

                            Marc® Mentat® 2017.1.0

                            COMSOL Multiphysics

                            COMSOL Multiphysics 5.3, Acoustics Module, Nonlinear Structural Materials Module, Structural Mechanics Module, CFD Module, Chemical Reaction Engineering Module, Heat Transfer Module

                            SIGMASOFT Virtual Molding

                            SIGMASOFT v5.2.1.0, SIGMA Basic Elastomer, SIGMA Stress, SIGMAlink, SIGMAstep Reader/Writer

                          2. Mathematical Computation

                            MATLAB R2017a

                            Curve Fitting Toolbox, Global Optimization Toolbox, Optimization Toolbox, Parallel Computing Toolbox

                            MAPLE 17

                            Computer Algebra System for Symbolic and Numeric Calculations

                          Deutsches Institut für Kautschuktechnologie e. V. /
                          The DIK Prüfgesellschaft mbH

                          Eupener Straße 33, 30519 Hannover, Germany
                          Phone: +49 511 84201-0
                          List of Instrumentation (PDF)